About ISO 22000
What is iso 22000?
Like ISO 9001, ISO 22000 is a management system standard published by the International Organisation of Standardization (ISO) based in Geneva Switzerland. While ISO 9001 is focused on quality management and is applicable to a wide range of activities, ISO 2000 is a food safety management standards that applies to all organizations in the food chain, including: farmers, growers, manufacturers, processors, and food handlers. The requirements of ISO 22000 are presented using the same structure as ISO 9001. And many of them are similar, however the focus is on food safety and suitability rather than quality. An organization part of the food chain, needs to implement a food safety management system compliant with ISO 22000. This will ensure that that food will not cause harm to the consumer when it is prepared and/or eaten according to its intended use.
Individuals cannot be certified to ISO 22000; a company can become certified to ISO 22000 by a registrar once it has implemented a compliant FSMS. It can become certified once it successfully passes a registrar audit to the requirements of ISO 22000. Training and implementation of Food Safety practices and procedures is required to achieve certification.
The most effective Food Safety Management Systems are established, operated and updated within the overall management activities of the organization. The requirements are met in a seamless fashion within the global way of doing business. This provides maximum operational and safety benefit for the organization and interested parties such as consumers, customers and utimately shareholders. For this purpose ISO 22000 has been aligned with ISO 9001 in order to enhance the compatibility of the two standards.
One of the advantages of ISO 22000 is that it integrates the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system (developed by NASA) and application steps of the CODEX Alimentarius. HACCP is a system which identifies, evaluates, and controls hazards that are significant for food safety. No other regulation or standard integrates HACCP implementation within an overall management system. According to the Codex Alimentarius the main question to be asked is: "what is necessary and appropriate on the grounds of the safety and suitability of food for consumption?"
ISO 22000 contains auditable requirements, and combines the HACCP plan with prerequisite programmes. Hazard analysis is key to an effective food safety management system, since conducting a hazard analysis assists in organizing the knowledge required to establish an effective combination of control measures. ISO 22000 requires that all hazards that may be reasonably expected to occur in the food chain, including hazards that may be associated with the type of process and facilities used, are identified and assessed. It thus provides the means to determine and document why certain identified hazards need to be controlled by a particular organization and why others not. During hazard analysis, the organization determines the strategy to be used to ensure hazard control by combining the prerequisite programmes and the HACCP plan.
ISO 22000 can be applied independently of other management system standards or integrated with existing management system requirements such as ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18000. It can also be stand-alone but can also be implemented in away that it comprehensively integrate specific food safety regulations such as the USDA human Food GMP, FDA Fish and Fishery Product HACCP and FDA Meat and Poultry HACCP.
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